Tir Eogan / Eoghan / Eoghain (Tyrone) O'Neills
Macaemh Toinleasg ("the Lazy Arsed Youth") O'Neill King
of Cenel Eoghain (1176 - 1177 AD)
a) Niall Ruadh
("the Red") King of Ulster 1230 AD. Married the daughter of Cathal
Crobhdearg ("Red Hand") O'Conor, King of Connaught (1201 - 1224 AD). It
is said that after having carried off O'Cahan's daughter from a convent
"God and St.Columba worked a miracle so that his thread of life was changed".
He died after having reigned only one month.
Catha an Duin ("of the Battle of Down") The last High King of
Ireland , 1258 - 1260 AD (after Roleric or Rory O'Connor,
son of Toirdelbach
or Turlough O'Connor). This is an important item
because most references do not list Brian O'Neill as the last of the Irish
High Kings since Britian's King was recognised as the King of Ireland.
Some list him as the self styled
King of Irish Kings. The fact is
Brian was acknowledged by his peers (O'Connor of Connaught, O'Melaghlin
of Meath and O'Brien of Thormond) in 1258 AD, they having given willingly
and he receiving the requisite "hostages", binding the acceptance
of him as High King of Ireland. He smashed the rival Macloughlinn branch,
killing his predecessor King Domnall MacLochlinn and ten of his derbfine
("true family"), establishing O'Neill supremacy in the north for
up to four more centuries. He became King of Ulster in 1241 AD, formed
the great Irish confederacy to drive out the English in 1256 prior to becoming
Ri ("High King"). Brian was killed in the Battle of Downpatrick
(1260 AD). His head was sent to London. He married Jill of Argyll, possibly
the daughter of Duncan MacDugall, King in the Herbrides and Lord of Lorn.
King of Ulster 1283 - 1286 & 1295 - 1325 AD, Royal Heir of Ireland.
He was deposed by the (the English) Red Earl of Ulster in 1286 but restored
in 1295. He had sent aid to King Robert Bruce against the English in Scotland.
Domnall renounced his own right to the Irish High Kingship in favour of
King Edward Bruce, to save Ireland (1316 AD). Headed the Remonstrance to
Pope John XXII (1325 AD) as "Donaldus Oneill Rex Ultoniae, true heir by
hereditary right of all Ireland". Fought for Edward Bruce at the fatal
Battle of Dundalk in 1318. He died in 1325 AD.
Reamhar ("the Stout"), King of Ulster 1344 - 1364 AD. Deposed
his kinsman King Henry O'Neill (head of the senior or Clannaboy branch)
in 1344, invaded Clannaboy itself in 1345 but was defeated. Aedh is known
to have levied tribute from the settlers in Louth. His seal bears the inscription
"S. Odonis O Neill Regis Hybernicorum Ultonie" and a shield with the famous
Red Hand of Ulster, the original O'Neill arms. He married Gormfhlaith,
possibly the daughter of Aedh O'Donnell, King of Tirconaill. He died in
Mor ("the Big"), King of Ulster 1364 - 1394 AD. Was opposed
by his brother Domnall who was allied to the Clannaboy O'Neills but defeated
his "horse-host" and secured peace. He built a "house for the entertainment
of the literati of Erin" at Emain Macha (Armagh) in 1381 AD. He associated
his son with him in the kingship and he died in 1397 AD. Niall married
Beanmidhe the daughter of his old enemy Brian MacMahon, King of Oriel (1365
Aimhreidh ("the Confused"), Royal Heir of Cenel Eoghain, about
whom it is said many strange legends are told. He died in 1392 AD. Henry
married Affric, daughter of Aedh O'Neill.
King of Ulster 1404 - 1432 AD. He was captured by the English at Dunalk
and was sent to the Tower of London in 1399, and was ransomed in 1401.
His reign was a long struggle with his successor, Eoghan O'Neill, who held
him prisoner from 1410 - 1414 AD. Domnall defeated the Mayor of Dublin
in 1423 and was slain in a skirmish with the O'Cahans in 1432.
Og ("the Young"), King of Ulster 1394 - 1403 AD. Styled
Niáll Mor (The Great O'Neill) a title still
in use today to distinguish this branch Clan Chief from their rivals the
senior or Clannaboy Chief who is styled Ua Niáll Buidhe
(The O'Neill Buidhe). Niall was knighted in Dublin by King
Richard II of England in 1394. He died in 1403. He had married Una, daughter
of Domnall O'Neill.
King of Ulster 1432 - 1455 AD. Crowned on the flagstone of the kings atTulach
He was opposed by Brian, grandson of Henry "the Confused". Eoghan captured
Brian and two of his sons and mutilated all three by cutting off one hand
and one foot from each (1435). Eoghan resigned the throne to his son in
1455 and died in 1456. He married Catairona (Catherine), daughter of Ardgal
MacMahon, King of Oriel (1402 - 1416).
King of Ulster 1455 - 1483 AD. The Archbishop of Armagh took part in his
coronation. Henry sent help to the Duke of York in the War of the Roses
(1460). He was presented with 48 yards (44m) of scarlet cloth and a collar
of gold by King Edward IV (1463). He extended his suzerainty over the west
as well as the north, being accepted by O'Brien of Thomond (1463), and
overcame a coalition of the Clannaboy and other rival O'Neills against
him (1471). Henry resigned his throne to his son in 1483 and died in 1489.
He married Gormfhlaith, daughter of Domnall McMurrough Kavanagh, styled
King of Leinster.
Mor ("the Big"),
King of Ulster 1493 - 1498
King of Ulster 1498 - 1509
Mor ("the Big"), King of Ulster 1483 - 1493 AD. Founded the
Fransican Friary near Dungannon (1489). He was slain by a party led by
his younger brother Henry. Conn had married twice, his second wife being
Lady Eleanor FitzGerald, daughter of Thomas, 7th Earl of Kildare, Lord
Deputy of Ireland.
Og ("the Young"), King of Ulster 1514 - 1519 AD. Art mother
was Conn's first wife. He defeated the O'Donnells of Tirconnaill
and secured recognition of his suzerainty over Innishowen andFermanagh.
Art died in 1519.
Bacach ("the Lame")
Conallach, Tanist of Tir Eoghain (Tyrone), married Rose, daughter of
Manus O'Donnell, King of Tirconaill (Tyrconell) and died in 1545.
Luineach / Turlough / Sir Terence Leynagh or , dynast of Tyrone
1567 - 1593 AD. Styled
O'Neill Mor (The Great O'Neill), was
invaded by Essex in 1574 and so ruled from Strabane but after many wars
he resigned his chieftainry to his cousin and rival Aedh O'Neill, Earl
of Tyrone. Sir Terence died in 1595.
(Sean) Tanist of Tyrone, the son of Art Og and his second wife.
He died in 1517.
of Kinnard who died circa 1579.
of Kinnard who was killed in a battle (1608) against Sir Cahir O'Dogherty,
Lord of Innishowen
Felim Ruadh ("the Red"), styled The Great O'Neill, was inaugurated
(after recognition by the Pope as Prince of Ulster) at Tulach Og (Tullahogue)
after the "stone" had been smashed. Sir Felim led the 1641
Rising as Lord General of the Catholic Army and was executed by the Cromwellians
on the 10th of March 1653. He left a son by his 3rd wife Lady Jean Gordon
(widow of Claud Hamilton, Lord of Strabane) daughter of George, 1st Marquis
of Huntly, the "Cock of the North".
Lord Lieutenant of Tyrone, MP (1689). Raised O'Neills Regiment for King
James II. Gordon was wounded at the siege of Derry, fought at the Battle
of the Boyne and was severely wounded at Aughrim. He entered the French
service in 1691, commanding his Regiment in the famous Irish Brigade against
the Austrians and died in 1704.
Bacach ("the Lame"), King of Ulster 1519 - 1542 and 1st Earl
of Tyrone 1542 - 1559, was the son of Art Og and his second wife. After
long wars he was compelled to submit to King Henry VIII'S authority. His
kingdom of Tir Eoghan was converted into the earldom of Tyrone (1542).
Conn died seeking refuge from his eldest legitimate son Shane "the Proud"
in 1559. He married 1st: his cousin Lady Alice Fitzgerald, daughter of
Gerald, 8th earl of Kildare, KG, Lord Deputy of Ireland; 2nd: Mary, daughter
of Aedh Buidhe O'Neill, Chief / Prince of Clannaboy; 3rd: Mary, daughter
of Sir Alexander "mac Randall Buy" McDonnell of Dunluce.
(Note: "Buy" is the same as
"Boy" or "Buidhe" = "the yellow haired")
1st Baron of Dunganon. Born the son of the smith O'Kelly. After the death
of O'Kelly, his wife revealled that Fedorcha was actually Conn's son. Conn
accepted the confession of Mrs. O'Kelly and appointed Fedorcha his Tanist.
He was slain by his brother Sean (Shane) "the Proud" in 1558. Fedorcha
had married Joan, daughter of Cunonnacht "the Coarb" Maguire, dynast of
Fermanagh. She married 2nd: Henry O'Neill of the Fews and 3rd: Sir Owen
O'Gallagher of Ballyshannon, hereditary Marshal to the O'Donnell kings.
an Diomais (Sean or Shane "the Proud"),
O'Neill Mor, dynast of Tyrone 1559 - 1567, the oldest legitimate son of
Conn "the Lame" by his 2nd wife. The life and achievements of the (in)famous
"Vain" Sean too numerous to list here. Please visit our webpage dedicated
to him from our main index or
linked from here!
married 1st: Catharine, daughter of James McDonnell of Islay, Lord of Kintyre
and the Glenns of Antrim, and 2nd: Catharine, daughter of Lachlan Maclean
of Duart, Chief of the Clan Gillean in the Hebrides (she could speak five
languages and was the widow of Archibald, 4th Earl of Argyll, Chief of
the Clan Campbell, and had been the wife of Calvagh, The O'Donnell of Tir
Conaill whom Sean had held captive while he made Catharine his mistress).
here to read a description of the escape from Dublin Castle
Og ("the Young"), son of Sean's 1st wife, killed in battle by
Philip O'Reilly in 1581
son of Sean's 1st wife, escaped from Dublin Castle in 1592.
son of Sean's 2nd wife, escaped from Dublin Castle with his brother but
was frozen to death in the Wicklow mountains (1592).
son of " Sean the Proud"
the Fetters"), son of Sean's 2nd wife, hanged (1590) by his cousin
Aedh O'Neill, 1st Earl of Tyrone (and later, last King of Ulster).
& Thomas (twins)
born 1593; died 1668
born 1629; died 1704
born circa 1693
(youngest son of Paul) who moved to Aughnargar (Parish of Killashill, Co.Tyrone)
O’Neill of Top, Tromargue, Pomeroy, Co. Tyrone born 1917
from No.124 Conn
( above) to No. 134 Conn of present is in
question. It was compiled in 1888 and has not been proven. Conn
of Tromargue has (circa 1991) made claim to the title O'Neill Mor (The
Great O'Neill) Chief of the O'Neills of Tyrone. The Chief Heralds of Ireland
had in 1803 and again in 1926 declared this lineage extinct and had recognised
the O'Neills of the Fews branch as heirs apparent.
O'Neills of the Fews"
Tanist of Cenel Eoghain and ascendant of the lineage of The O'Neills of
the Fews. Wounded Brian O'Neill in single combat on horseback (1435) and
died in 1475.
King of Ulster 1509 - 1514
Ruadh (Felim / Felix "the Red"), Lord of the Fews.
He supported Niall Conallach O'Neill as Tanist of Tyrone (1531). He brought
thirty horsemen to support Marshal Bagenal against Sean "the Proud" (1551)
but was defeated by Sean who slew fifty of his allies (1554).
Ruadh (Felim / Felix "the Red")
Mor ("the Big"), died 1538
(Hugh), Lord of the Fews
Lord of the Fews. Living in 1563 and was at war with Shane "the Proud".
Henry married the widow of Ferdorcha (Matthew) O'Neill, 1st Baron of Dungannon,
parents of Aedh Ruadh (Hugh "the Red") last King of Ulster and 1st Earl
Turlough, Lord of the Fews. Married Sara, daughter of Sir Terence (Turlough
"Leynagh"), The O'Neill Mor (1567 - 1593). He died 23 February 1639
of the Fews. Married Mary, daughter of Sir John O'Reilly
of the Fews. A Royalist Colonel transplanted by the Cromwellians to Co.Mayo.
He died in 1676.
transplanted by the Cromwellians from the Fews to Newcastle, Co.Mayo
of Foxford, Co.Mayo. A Captain in the Jacobite army of King James II (1689).
married Henry O'Neill of Clannaboy, brother of French John of Shane's Castle.
She was grandmother of Theresa, Duchess of Wharton
of Cloon, Co.Leitrim, living in 1717.
Ruadh ("the Red"), of Carrowrony, Co.Mayo. Henry studied law
in France and with Isabel (who later married Don Tadeo O'Sullivan, Conde
de Berehaven, Knight of Santiago) had three sons.
(Don Tulio), married Catherine O'Keeff.
(Don Nicolas), Lieutenant under Captain Don Joseph O'Donnell (ancestor
of the Duke of Tetuan). Won the position as a prize for ensigns who distinguished
themselves in mathematics (1759). Niall was a Lieutenant-Colonel in the
Spanish service in the campaign of Portugal and died d.s.p.m. (died
without male issue)
1st Marquis del Norte. Born in 1736 and soldiered in the Spanish service
in South America and the West Indies. He was Governor of Pensacola (1781),
Captain-General of Yucatan and Governor of Merida (1792). Arturo was a
member of the Spanish Supreme Council of War (1803) and was created a Marquis
in Spain (1805). He took a prominent part in the Peninsular War and died
the 9th December 1814.
2nd Marquis del Norte, Spanish Lieutenant-General of Cavalry, Colonel of
the Regiment of La Princess. Was awarded many decorations for gallantry
in the Peninsula War at the sieges of Salamanca, Pamplona and Bayonne.
Tulio was presented with a ceremonial sword by the King of Spain after
the Battle of Albuera. He married Dona Manuela de Castilla y Quevedo, Marquesa
de la Granja (descended from King Don Pedro de Castilla, aka "Pedro the
Cruel"). He was the first to be recognised as heir apparent to the title
O'Neill Mor (1803) by the Chief Herald of Ireland who considered the Tyrone
branch to be extinct.
Antonio Luis (Don), 8th Marques de la Granja. Born in 1823,
he inherited his mother's family titles and was a Caballero de la Real
Maestranza at Seville. He married Dona Luisa Salamanca y Negrete, daughter
of the Count Campo-Alange, Grandee of Spain.
(Don), 9th Marques de la Granja. Born in 1866, Caballero de la Real
Maestranza at Seville. He married Dona Carmen Larios y Zabala, daughter
of the Marques de Valleumbroso. He died in 1915.
(Don), 10th Marques de la Granja, born 25 March 1888, Caballero
de la Real Maestranza at Seville. He married Dona Maria Angeles Castrillo
y Sanjuan, Marquesa de Villaverde de San Isidro, daughter of the Marques
de Benamejo de las Cuevas del Becerro, Vizconde de Benaojan. Tulio died
on 24 October 1938.He was the second to be recognised as heir apparent
to the title O'Neill Mor (1926) by the Chief Herald of Ireland who, once
again, considered the Tyrone branch to be extinct.
Marquesa de Valdeosera. She Married Louis Olivar Despujol, Knight de la
Real Maestranza at Seville.
(Don), 11th Marques de la Granja, head of the Spanish O'Neills,
Caballero de la Real Maestranza. Born 22 May 1922
Angeles, who joined a religious order
who married Herenegildo Ca. Llorente
married Miguel Davila
Marques de la Caltojar, Knight de la Real Maestranza at Seville. He married
Maria Gaytan A. Doninguez
Carlos, 12th Marques de la Granja, 5th Marques del Norte, Conde del
Benajiar. Recognised as
The O'Neill of the Fews by the Chief Herald
of Ireland on 26 February 1993. According to pedigrees issued by the Chief
Heralds of Ireland in 1803 and again in 1926 this lineage has been recognised
as heir apparent
to the title O'Neill Mor (The Great O'Neill),
Chief of the O'Neills of Tyrone.
has recently made claim to the title of O'Neill Mor,
to the descendants of Sean "the Proud"
O'Neills of the Fews"
(Hugh), of the Fews branch of the family. He married the daughter
of Brian O'Neill, brother of the General Eoghain Ruadh/Owen Roe (refer
to lineage 123a) of the Tyrone O'Neills
(Don), Knight of Calatrava, Commander of the Regiment of Tyrone
in the Spanish service (1660 - 1663). Married Leonor, daughter of the famous
Irish rebel Rory O'More. Arturo died in 1663.
Buidhe (Hugh Buy), of Creggan. Married Catherine Magennis.
(Don), Knight of Calatrava. He was appointed Colonel of the Regiment
of Tyrone when only 7 years of age, but it was soon after given to his
chief, the Conde de Tyrone (1663).
(Don), Spanish Lieutenant-Colonel of the Regiment of Hibernia. He
campaigned in Italy in the War of the Austrian Succession, covered the
retreat at Camposanto, losing half his battalion in casualties (1743).
Distinguished himself at Velletri (1744) and was slain by Algerian corsairs
who boarded his troop ship on 16 August 1748.
(Dona), married Don Enrique O'Neill, son of Felim also of the Fews
branch of the family.
Felix (Don) Knight of the Military Order of Carlos III, Spanish
General, fought at Camposanto (1743). He was wounded and captured at Velletri
(1744). He was taken prisoner fighting as a Jacobite for Prince Charles
Edward Stuart (Bonnie Prince Charlie) at Culloden (1747) but was released
as a Spanish subject (1747). Felix was Colonel of the regiment of Hibernia
(1763) and became Captain-General of Spanish Infantry, Governor and Captain-General
of Aragon, member of the Supreme Council of War. He had married Dona Jacoba
Varela, daughter of Don Francisco Varela Samientoe, and Felix died in 1796.
(Don), Knight of Santiago, Colonel of the Regiment of Hibernia in
the Spanish service
(Don), Knight of Santiago, Admiral in the Spanish Navy (1809). He
died on 2nd October 1812
(Don), Spanish General, Colonel of the Regiment of Navarra, 2nd
in command at the heroic defense of Zaragoza against the Napoleonic French
troops. He married Maria Antonia Rosinoi and died in 1862.
- MacShane - Johnson Branch of the Fews"
(from the lineage of MacShane and Johnson Baronets of New York from
O'Neill of the Fews No. 123 b. )son of Sir Turlough, Lord of the
Fews (circa 1600)
"MacShane" (adopted the surname MacShane = son of Shane O'Neill).
Married Frances, daughter of Thomas Fay of Derrynagare, Westmeath
"Johnson" (adopted the surname Johnson = son of John or "MacShane"),
of Smithstown, Co.Meath. He married Anne, the sister of Vice Admiral Sir
Peter Warren, and daughter of Michael Warren of Warrenstown, Co.Meath.
William Johnson, 1st Baronet. William went to North America to manage
his uncle's estate on the Mohawk River in 1738. He was Colonel-in-Chief
of the Six Nations in 1744 and Major-General of the Six Nations in 1755
when he defeated the French at Lake George. For his services he was created
a Baronet (27 November 1755). He was born at Smithstown, Co.Meath in 1715
and married in 1739 to Catherine, daughter of John de Wissenbergh of Montreal.
It is suggested that Molly Brant met Sir William (a Captian in the North
Carolina Reg't) in Philadelphia in the winter of 1754-55 but
it is reported he was a Colonel-in-Chief and Major General in those years.
It is also reported that Sir William married Molly, sister of Thayendonegea
(aka Joseph Brant) hereditary chief of the Mohawks and principal chief
of the Iroqouis Confederacy known as the Six Nations. Joseph
Brant was Sir William's protege; Sir William was responsible for Joseph
Brant's education. Sir William died 11 July 1774.
Warren Johnson or Johnston
William Johnson, 1st Baronet.
Gonwatsjayenni (Mary (aka Molly) Johnson) , older sister to Thayendonegea
(Joseph Brant) and dau. of "Old King Hendrick" or Theyanogui,
b. c1736, d. 16 April 1796, m. Sir William Johnson in an Indian cerimony
which was never reconized by the whites. She was listed in Sir William's
will as his "prudent and faithful Housekeeper" and to the children as his
natural children. Their first son, Peter Warren, named after Sir William's
father was born in 1759 (the same year Sir William's wife Catherine
died). Molly was the most powerful woman in North America. Her influence
amongst the Mohawks was unmatched by any chief or assembly of chiefs as
she had proven to Sir William. The Americans recognized her power and attempted
to get her to return to her homeland in NY but she would have nothing to
do with them. Sir William earned the respect of the Mohawk by treating
them fairly and as equals. Joseph Brant was a great help to him,
and Molly Brant is rarely given the credit she deserved.
There is another family of Johnson's amongst the Mohawks, the family of
Jacob Johnson (Tekahionwake) father of John "Smoke" Johnson (Sakayengwarton)
b. 1792 d.1886, father of George Henry Martin Johnson (Onwanonsyshon),
father of the famous poet Emily Pauline Johnson (Takahionwake) b.10Mar1861
d. 7Mar1913. Sir William offer Jacob his surname as a suitable English
name for him to adopt. Sir William was Jacob's children's godfather. These
Johnson's are not related to Sir William Johnson (McShane-O'Neill).
John Johnson, 2nd Baronet of Mount Johnson, Montreal, Supt. General
and Inspector General of Indian Affairs in British North America. Colonel-in-Chief
of the six Battalions of the militia of the eastern township of Lower Canada.
He was Knighted at St. James', London, on 22 November 1765. He married
30 June 1773, Mary, daughter of John Watts (sometime President of the Council
of New York). Joseph Brant became seretary to Sir John in 1774, after Sir
William's death. Sir John was not as effective as his father was.
John (by Catherine)
married Colonel Daniel Clauss of North America
married Colonel Guy Johnstone
Warren (by Molly) b. 1759, d. 1777 in Philadelphia serving with
the 26th Foot.
George (by Molly) farmed and taught day school near Brantford, Ontario.
Johnson, Lieutenant-Colonel. Born 21 August 1775 and died 11 Jan 1812.
Adam Gordon Johnson, 3rd Baronet. Lieuteneant-Colonel of the 6th Battalion
of Militia. Born 6 May 1781 and died unmarried 21 May 1843.
Johnson, of Point Olivier, Montreal, Colonel commanding the 6th
Battalion of Militia and sometime Lieutenant, Royal Navy
William George Johnson, 4th Baronet, Lieutenant Royal Army. Born
19 December 1830 and died
d.s.p. (died without issue)
26 January 1908
Kennedy Johnson, born 20 June 1839. Married 5 November 1865 to Katherine
Sophia, daughter of Lieutenant-Colonel Charles MacDonnell
Edward Gordon Johnson, 5th Baronet. Employed by Canadian Pacific Railway
Company 1903 - 1933. Vice President of the Montreal Association for the
Blind. Born 17 March 1867. Married 18 June 1902 to Violet Eveline, daughter
of Thomas Edward Hayes, MD of Dublin and died d.s.p.
(died without issue) 15 April 1957
Christopher Johnson, born 29 October 1789. Lieutenant-Colonel 9th Lancers
and Q.M.G. Ireland, Knight 2nd Class of Persian Order of the Lion and Sun.
Married 8 January 1818 to Susan, daughter of Admiral Sir Edward Griffith
(who took the surname Colpoys). Charles died 30 September 1854.
Johnson, Vice Admiral. Born 11 August 1822 and died 26 February 1881
Johnson, died 1869
Colpoys Ormsby Johnson, Major. Born 19 October 1858 and died 2 December
Warren Johnson, Captain (Royal Navy). Born 10 May 1868. Married 11
July 1906 to Grace Isobel, daughter of Algernon Pasely
John Paley Johnson, 6th Baronet descended from Aedh O'Neill of the
Fews through his son Shane O'Neill and his son
Thomas Mac Shane and his son Christopher Johnson.
He died in 1975.
Peter Johnson, 7th Baronet residing in Hampshire in the south of England.