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KENNEDY  CLAN

CONSIDER  THE  END

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Personal Arms~The Most Honarable~The Marquess of Ailsa

The Kennedy name comes from the old Irish Gaelic "cinneidigh", which literally means "ugly headed". The family came from Ireland to Celtic Dalriada, now Strathclyde, but are mainly associated with the district of Carrick in Ayrshire. They can be traced to the early twelfth century. They claimed descent from the first Earl of Carrick and kinship to the Bruce Family which was the Royal Family of King Robert III. The son of that marriage was made Lord Kennedy in 1457, and the third Lord was made Earl of Cassillis. The Kennedy's supported King Robert against the Comyns and throughout the War of Independence. In the fifth generation Gilbert De Carrick's son John assumed or changed his name to Kennedy, and the Clan of Kennedy evolved.

Not all of the legends of this family are what we would today know as legal. For instance the story concerning the infamous fourth Earl, Gilbert who roasted the Abbot of Crossraguel, in order to gain the Abbey lands.

The sixth earl raised an army to fight in the defeats of Alford and Kilsyth and in the Covenanting struggle. They suffered great losses and casualties.

The twelfth Earl was made Baron Ailsa in 1806, and later became the Marquess of Ailsa. Culzean Castle was built between 1775 and 1790 by the ninth and tenth Earls.

The Kennedy's came north when Ulric Kennedy fled from Ayrshire fore breaking the law and they eventually settled in Lochaber where his descendants were known as Clan Ulric. The Kennedy's of Skye trace their descent from this branch of the family.   The Lochaber Kennedy's are an accepted part of the Cameron Sept.

The Dictionary of British Surnames, Second Revised Edition, P. H. Reaney.  London and Boston, 1976, states that Kennedy means "Ugly Headed"

SOURCES


I.

DUNCAN  deCARRICK

He was born about 1195, Scotland.


II.

ROLAND  deCARRYK

He was born about 1225, Scotland.


III.

SIR  GILBERT  deCARRICK

He was born about 1255, Scotland.


IV.

SIR GILBERT  deCARRICK

He was born about 1285, Scotland. He married Mary ___.


V.

SIR  JOHN  KENNEDY

BARON  OF  DALRYMPLE & FIRST KENNEDY

He was born about 1315, Danure Castle, Scotland and died after 1385.  He married Mary __, who was born about 1320.  John Kennedy of Dunure acquired lands at Cassillis about 1360, and witnessed a charter by Robert II in 1384. He was born a Carrick, and changed his name to Kennedy. His grandson, James Kennedy of Dunure {Danure} married Mary, daughter of King Robert III.


VI.

SIR GILBERT  KENNEDY

LORD  OF  DANURE CASTLE

He was born about 1345, Dunure Castle, Maybole, Ayrshire, Scotland and died after 1408.  He married Agnes MAXWELL, who was born about 1350, Pollock, Renfrewshire, Scotland and died about 1397 in Calderwood, Scotland; she was the daughter of John MAXWELL and Isabel LINDSEY.

Child Of Gilbert KENNEDY and Agnes MAXWELL:

i.

James KENNEDY (Below)

ii.

Alexander KENNEDY

He was born about 1378, Dunure Castle, Maybole, Ayrshire, Scotland.

ii.

Hugh KENNEDY

He was born about 1380, Dunure Castle, Maybole, Ayrshire, Scotland.

iii.

John KENNEDY

He was born about 1382, Dunure Castle, Maybole, Ayrshire, Scotland.

iv.

Thomas KENNEDY

He was born about 1384, Dunure Castle, Maybole, Ayrshire, Scotland.

v.

David KENNEDY

He was born about 1386, Dunure Castle, Maybole, Ayrshire, Scotland.


VII.

SIR JAMES KENNEDY

He was born about 1376, Dunure Castle, Maybole, Ayrshire, Scotland and was killed before November 8, 1408.  He married Lady Mary deSTEWART, daughter of King Robert deSTEWART III and Annabella DRUMMOND.

Children Of James KENNEDY and Lady Mary deSTEWART:

i.

Gilbert KENNEDY (Below)

First Lord Kennedy

iii.

Sir John KENNEDY

He was born about 1407, Dunure Castle, Maybole, Ayrshire, Scotland and died about 1434.

iii.

James KENNEDY

He was born about 1408, Dunure Castle, Maybole, Ayrshire, Scotland and died May 10, 1465/6, Saint Andrews, Fifeshire, Scotland.  He was Bishop of Dunkeld.


VIII.

SIR GILBERT  KENNEDY

FIRST LORD KENNEDY

He was born about 1406, Dunure Castle, Maybole, Ayrshire, Scotland and died after March 6, 1478/9. He married Katherine MAXWELL, about 1440. He married secondly, Isabel OGILVIE about 1461. Isabel OGILVIE was born about 1406, Lintrathen, Scotland and died 1484, Glamis, Angus, Scotland. She was the daughter Walter OGILVIE and Isabel GLEN.

Children of Sir Gilbert KENNEDY and Katherine MAXWELL:

i.

Catherine KENNEDY

She was born about 1438, Dunure Castle, Maybole, Ayrshire, Scotland. She married Baron Alexander MONTGOMERY

ii.

John KENNEDY (Below)

Second Lord Kennedy

iii.

James KENNEDY

He was born about 1440, Dunure Castle, Maybole, Ayrshire, Scotland. He married Egidia BLAIR.

iv.

Walter KENNEDY

He was born about 1442, Dunure Castle, Maybole, Ayrshire, Scotland.

v.

Mariot KENNEDY

She was born about 1444, Dunure Castle, Maybole, Ayrshire, Scotland.   She married John WALLACE.

Son of Sir Gilbert KENNEDY and Isabel OGILVIE:

vi.

Thomas KENNEDY (M. F.)

He married Katherine KENNEDY, who was the daughter of Sir John KENNEDY, 2nd Lord Kennedy (Below) and Elizabeth MONTGOMERY


IX.

SIR  JOHN KENNEDY

SECOND  LORD  KENNEDY

He was born about 1436, Dunure Castle, Maybole, Ayrshire, Scotland and died 1508 in Scotland.  He married firstly, Elizabeth MONTGOMERY, daughter of Alexander MONTGOMERY and Margaret BOYD; secondly, Elizabeth deGORDON, daughter of Sir Alexander Seaton deGORDON; thirdly, Elizabeth, daughter of Lord Chicton. 

(First Marriage)

Children of Sir John KENNEDY and Elizabeth MONTGOMERY:

i.

Sir David KENNEDY III (Below)

Third Lord Kennedy

ii.

Katherine KENNEDY (M.F.)

She was born about 1465 Culzean Castle, Maybole, Ayrshire, Scotland; she married Thomas KENNEDY; he was the son of Sir Gilbert KENNEDY and Isabel OGILVIE.

(Second Marriage)

Children of Sir John KENNEDY and Elizabeth deGORDON:

iii.

Margaret KENNEDY

She was born about 1472, Culzean Castle, Maybole, Ayrshire, Scotland. She married Andrew deSTEWART.

iv.

Elizabeth KENNEDY

She was born about 1473, Culzean Castle, Maybole, Ayrshire, Scotland. She married William COLVILLE.

v.

John KENNEDY

He was born about 1474, Culzean Castle, Maybole, Ayrshire, Scotland.

vi.

Janet (Jane) KENNEDY

She was born about 1476, Dunure Castle, Maybole, Ayrshire, Scotland. She married (1) John DAVIDSOUN; born Between 1400~1487; mistress of (2) James STUART, IV, King Of Scotland Abt. 1498; born 17 March 1473/74 in Scotland, Acceded June 26, 1488 at Scone Abbey, Perthshire, Scotland; died 09 September 1513 in Battle Of Flodden, Northumberland County, England; married (3) Archibald " Bell the Cat " DOUGLAS Abt. 1498; born 1453 in Kilmarus, Ayrshire, Scotland, Acceded 1462; died 29 November 1514 in Whithorn Priory.  Janet Kennedy was a mistress of King James IV.  John Davidsoun, son-in-law of John Kennedy, was the owner of the sea-side villa that John Kennedy of Baltersan used, and he sold it to John for 5,300 marks in 1588.

vii.

Alexander KENNEDY

He was born about 1478, Girvanmains, Girvan, Ayrshire. He was the ancestor of the Kennedy's of Gervannars and Barqulianny.

viii.

William KENNEDY

He was born about 1480, Culzean Castle, Maybole, Ayrshire, Scotland.

ix.

Helen KENNEDY

She was born about 1482, Carrick, Ayrshire, Scotland. She married Adam BOYD, of Pendhill, about 1504.


X.

SIR DAVID KENNEDY

THIRD  LORD  KENNEDY & FIRST EARL CASSILLIUS

He was born about 1463, Culzean Castle, Maybole, Ayrshire, Scotland and died September 9, 1513 in the Battle of Flodden.   He married first Anna Bothwick; she was the daughter Lord Bothwick and his wife, Margaret Hay, Of Yester. After his first wife's death he married Georgia Boyd; she was the daughter of Lord Thomas Boyd, 1st Earl of Arran and Princess Mary Stuart, and granddaughter of King James II.----Genealogy of Wilkinson and Kindred Families

Children Of David Kennedy and Georgia Boyd:

i.

Gilbert Kennedy II(Below)

Fourth Lord Kennedy

ii.

William Kennedy

of Crossegalls,

he was born about 1487, Culzean Castle, Maybole, Ayrshire, Scotland and he died before February 1547/48

iii.

James Kennedy

Lord of Broneston,

he was born about 1488, Culzean Castle, Maybole, Ayrshire, Scotland.

iv.

Thomas Kennedy

Lord of Coif,

he was born about 1489, Culzean Castle, Maybole, Ayrshire, Scotland

v.

Catherine Kennedy,

she was born about 1491, Culzean Castle, Maybole, Ayrshire, Scotland

vi.

Hellen Kennedy,

she was born about 1492, Culzean Castle, Maybole, Ayrshire, Scotland

vii.

Christine Kennedy,

she was born about 1493, Culzean Castle, Maybole, Ayrshire, Scotland

 


XI.

SIR GILBERT  KENNEDY I,

FOURTH  LORD  KENNEDY & SECOND EARL CASSILLIUS

"Most Rapacious Laird in Carrick"

Dunure Castle

Artist:  Andrew Spratt, Custodian of Dirleton Castle

He was born about 1485, Culzean Castle, Maybole, Ayrshire, Scotland and died August 1527, Pow (burn), Prestwick, Ayrshire, Scotland.  He married Lady Isabel Campbell was the daughter of Sir Archibald Campbell, Second Earl of Argyll and Elizabeth Stewart(Stuart). He earned an infamous reputation by roasting Allan Stewart, Commentator of Crossraguel, in the black vault of Dunmore in order to obtain tracts of abbey land. This took place in 1570, Gilbert kidnapped Stewart and carried him off to Dunure Castle where it is stated that he roasted him on a spit for several days trying to force him to sign over the lands of the abbey. He was known for his greed and he cast looks on the extensive abbey lands, mills, fishing rights and coal sheughs [shallow pits]. Allan Stewart eventually resigned the lands but was released by an enraged Kennedy of Bargany [an estate near Girvan] who then tried to have the lands signed over to himself! The Commendator's [Allan Stewart] emotional and vivid written account of his ordeal shows his signature in a steady had so there appears to have been a great deal of exaggeration in his stories of basting and roasting almost to the point of death. Stewart was a man for whom very few persons had sympathy. He sold of the abbey's wealth over a period of years, including the Lands of Baltersan to David Kennedy of Pennyglen. He fought for Queen Mary when her forces were defeated at the battle of Langside in Glasgow on 13 May 1568. He was later charged with killing several people at that conflict. How strange! Why else would he have been in battle.

Children Of Sir Gilbert Kennedy I & Lady Isabel Campbell:

i.

Miss Kennedy,

she was born about 1513, Culzean Castle, Maybole, Ayrshire, Scotland. She married Thomas MacLellan.

ii.

Gilbert Kennedy III(Below)

Fifth Lord Kennedy

iii.

Thomas Kennedy,

he was born about 1516, Culzean Castle, Maybole, Ayrshire, Scotland

iv.

Miss Kennedy,

she was born about 1517, Culzean Castle, Maybole, Ayrshire, Scotland. She married Thomas Kennedy.

v.

Helen Kennedy,

she was born about 1518, Culzean Castle, Maybole, Ayrshire, Scotland. She married William Adair, Lord Kilkilt.

vi.

David Kennedy,

he was born about 1519, Culzean Castle, Maybole, Ayrshire, Scotland. He married Janet Kennedy, daughter of Duncan Kennedy, Abbot of Crossegnal

vii.

James Kennedy,

he was born about 1520, Culzean Castle, Maybole, Ayrshire, Scotland.

viii.

Quintin Kennedy,

he was born about 1521, Culzean Castle, Maybole, Ayrshire, Scotland.

ix.

Archibald Kennedy,

he was born about 1523, Culzean Castle, Maybole, Ayrshire, Scotland.

x.

Janet Kennedy,

she was born about 1524, Culzean Castle, Maybole, Ayrshire, Scotland. She married Fergus McDowall, Lord Freriche

xi.

Hugh Kennedy,

He was born about 1525, Culzean Castle, Maybole, Ayrshire, Scotland.

 


XII.

SIR GILBERT KENNEDY II

FIFTH  LORD  KENNEDY & THIRD  EARL  OF   CASSILLIUS

He was born about 1515, Culzean Castle, Maybole, Ayrshire, Scotland and died November 28, 1558, Dieppe, Normandy, France. He was buried, Maybole, Ayrshire, Scotland. He married Margaret Kennedy, about 1538; she was the daughter of Alexander KENNEDY, Lord of Bargany, and his wife, Mary CAMPBELL.  Margery Sophia (Margaret Sophia) KENNEDY, was born about 1517, Bargany, Dailly, Ayrshire, Scotland and died January 12, 1596/97.

Sir Gilbert was one of four Scottish commissioners who were poisoned at Dieppe on their return from the marriage of Mary Queen of Scots to Francis II in 1558. He had inherited his title at the age of twelve when one of his first acts was to sign, under duress, the death warrant of Patrick Hamilton, the first Scottish Protestant martyr. Eventually the honors of the estates of Kennedy passed to the kinsman who had settled in America.

Children Of Sir Gilbert Kennedy and Margaret Kennedy:

i.

Catherine Kennedy,

she was born about 1539, Culzean Castle, Maybole, Ayrshire, Scotland.   She married Sir Patrick (Vaux?) Barnbaroch, of Barnbaroch

ii.

Sir Gilbert Kennedy III

Sixth Lord Kennedy & Fourth Earl of Cassillius,

he was born about 1541, Culzean Castle, Maybole, Ayrshire, Scotland and died December 14, 1576.  He married Margaret Lyon, about September 30, 1566.

iii.

Jean (Janet) Kennedy,

she was born about 1542, Culzean Castle, Maybole, Ayrshire, Scotland and died September 1598, Orkney Islands, Scotland.  She married firstly, Robert Stewart, 1561, and secondly, William Orkney, Earl of Orkney

iv.

Rev. Thomas  Kennedy(Below)

Lord of Reiland

 


XIII.

REV. THOMAS  KENNEDY

Lord of Reiland

He was born about 1545, Culzean Castle, Maybole, Ayrshire, Scotland and died about 1602, Scotland.  Rev. Kennedy lived in Donoughmore, Tyrone Ireland and then removed back to Scotland in about 1642.  He married Elizabeth M'Gill, daughter of David "of Cranstoun- Riddell" M'Gill, about 1577

Children Of Thomas Kennedy and Elizabeth M'Gill:

i.

James Kennedy,

he was born about 1578, Culzean Castle, Maybole, Ayrshire, Scotland.

ii.

Margaret Kennedy,

she was born about 1579, Culzean Castle, Maybole, Ayrshire, Scotland; she married Sir Patrick Agnew, about 1599

iii.

Rev. John Kennedy,

he was born about 1580 Culzean Castle Maybole, Ayrshire, Scotland; he was a Presbyterian minister; he married Lily___.

Child of Rev.John Kennedy and Lily:

(i)

Andrew Kennedy,

He was born in Ireland about 1647.  He emigrated to America and settled in Pennsylvania.  The old President's Mansion at 526-530 Market Street was purchased by Mr. Kennedy for $30,000. His descendants are numerous, and included some of the most prominent people in America.--Genealogy of Wilkinson and Kindred Families

iv.

Helen Kennedy,

she was born about 1582, Culzean Castle, Maybole, Ayrshire, Scotland.   She married firstly, John Mure and secondly, John Ferguson.

v.

Susanna Kennedy,

she was born about 1584, Culzean Castle, Maybole, Ayrshire, Scotland.

vi.

Thomas Kennedy,

he was born about 1586, Culzean Castle, Maybole, Ayrshire, Scotland.

vii.

Alexander Kennedy(below)

viii.

David Kennedy,

he was born about 1590, Culzean Castle, Maybole, Ayrshire, Scotland.


XIV.

SIR  ALEXANDER  KENNEDY

He was born about 1588, Culzean Castle, Maybole, Ayrshire, Scotland and died September 1658 in Scotland. He married Agnes Kennedy.   Agnes Kennedy was born about 1596, Ardmillan, Girvan, Aryshire, Scotland.

Children of Sir Alexander Kennedy and Agnes Kennedy:

i.

John Kennedy,

he was born about 1621, Craigoch, Aryshire, Scotland and died 1665; he married Margaret Hamilton about 1651; she was born about 1625.

ii.

Marion Kennedy,

he was born about 1626, Craigoch, Aryshire, Scotland.

iii.

Margaret Kennedy,

she was born about 1630, Craigoch, Aryshire, Scotland; she married James Kennedy; he was born about 1644, Girvanmains, Girvan, Aryshire, Scotland.

iv.

Agnes Kennedy,

she was born about 1634, Craigoch, Aryshire, Scotland.

v.

Alexander Kennedy(Below)

vi.

Thomas Kennedy,

he was born about 1640, Craigoch, Aryshire, Scotland.

vii.

James Kennedy,

he was born about 1642, Craigoch, Aryshire, Scotland.

 


XV.

ALEXANDER  KENNEDY  II

He was born 1638, Craigoch, Ayrshire, Scotland and died 1698 in Ireland. He married Anna Crawford, 1668, in Scotland.

Children Of Alexander Kennedy and Anna Crawford:

i.

John Kennedy,

he was born about 1674, Craigoch, Ayrshire, Scotland and died 1749 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; he married firstly, Margaret Rowan(?),.and secondly, Helen Montieth, April 23, 1715.

ii.

Alexander Kennedy,

he was born about 1678, Craigoch, Ayrshire, Scotland.

ii.

Thomas Kennedy,

he was born about 1682, Craigoch, Ayrshire, Scotland.

ii.

Archibald Kennedy(Below)

iii.

William Kennedy(M.F.)

 


XVI.

ARCHIBALD KENNEDY I

He was born 1685, Craigoch, Ayrshire, Scotland and died 1763 in New York.  He married Massam.

 


XVII.

CAPTAIN  ARCHIBALD  KENNEDY II

He was born about 1718, New York City, New York and died December 30, 1794.  He married Ann Watts, April 27, 1769, New York City, New York.  Ann Watts was born about 1746, New York City, New York and died December 29, 1793.  She was buried January 1, 1794, Holyrood House, Edinburgh, Mid-Lothian, Scotland.

On the death of David, the tenth earl, the title passed to a kinsman who had settled in America, Captain Archibald Kennedy. Archibald was an officer in the Royal Navy who held estates in Hoboken, New Jersey and became the greatest property owner in New York. He tried to be neutral during the Revolutionary War, and as a result was mistrusted by both sides. Half of his New York properties were confiscated, including Number 1 Broadway, which was appropriated by George Washington. Archibald's son, the twelfth Earl, was a close friend of the Duke of Clarence, who, on his coronation as William IV, created Archibald's son Marquess of Ailsa. The second Marquess, Archibald Kennedy was killed in a hunting accident in 1870. His son succeeded to the title at the age of twenty-two and after his death in 1938 the family title was borne by each of his three sons in turn.

 


XVIII.

SIR  ARCHIBALD  KENNEDY  III

FIRST  MARQUESS  OF  AILSA

He was born February 1770, Pavonia Near, Hoboken, Hudson, New Jersey and died September 8, 1846, St. Margaret's, Isleworth, Middlesex, England.  He was buried at Dunbar, Forfarshire, Scotland.  He married Margaret Erskin, June 1, 1793, Dunbar, Forfarshire, Scotland.

 


Sources

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